Up to 2.3 billion people around the world still use dirty fuels for cooking and 675 million have no electricity, according to a report released Tuesday by five international organizations. The report says that at the current rate, 660 million people are expected to be without electricity and 1.9 billion will have no clean cooking opportunities by 2030. This is the target date to reach a United Nations target set in 2015 “to ensure access to reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
The report by the International Energy Agency, the International Renewable Energy Agency, the United Nations Statistics Division, the World Bank and the World Health Organization indicates that halfway through course towards the goal, the world is not on track to meet the energy goal, which will negatively impact the health of millions of people and accelerate climate change. “The energy crisis triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine continues to have a profound impact on people around the world,” International Energy Agency Executive Director Fatih Birol said in a statement. a statement. “High energy prices have hit the most vulnerable hard, especially those in developing economies.”
He said that even though the transition to clean energy is happening faster than people think, there is still a long way to go to deliver it to the billions of people who still live on it. Global access to electricity increased from 84% in 2010 to 91% in 2021, but the pace of growth slowed from 2019 to 2021, including the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the report. slow motion. Rural electrification has contributed to progress, but large disparities remain in urban areas, according to the report. More than 80% of people without electricity (567 million by 2021) live in sub-Saharan Africa, a figure similar to the electricity shortage in 2010, according to the report. The report also revealed that up to 2.3 billion people still use polluting fuels and technologies, including firewood. Francesco La Camera, Executive Director of the International Renewable Energy Agency, said: “Low-cost renewables have once again shown remarkable resilience, but the world’s poorest people are not still not fully reaping the benefits.
According to WHO estimates in 2019, 3.2 million premature deaths each year are associated with household air pollution from fuel and technology pollution. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said investing in clear and renewable solutions for universal energy access “can play a key role in protecting the health of the most vulnerable”. . World Bank Vice President for Infrastructure Guangze Cheng called for urgent action to “ensure that the poorest and most inaccessible people are not left behind”.